The ultimate guide to electric scooters

Powered electric scooters are widely used as people start to realize the destructive effects of using fossil fuel. Powered electric scooters are starting to replace the conventional motorcycle in many parts of the world.

As the quality of electric scooters varies greatly, you probably want to learn to notice important things when it comes to choosing an electric scooter. This post could help you on definitive a well quality electric scooters by following a thorough on QC inspection checklist before allowing the electric scooter manufactures to ship your electric scooters.

Types of electric scooter for adults you can find are:

Foldable Electric Scooters

Foldable Electric Scooters
Foldable Electric Scooters

An ideal foldable electric scooter offers an affordable and reliable solution especially at your daily commutes involve public transport e.g.: buses, underground, and trains. Is also brings convenient on their compact size, these don’t require you to hassle for a parking lot for hours on end. When you are not riding it, simply fold it and store it pretty much anywhere.  

Off-road Electric Scooters

Off-road Electric Scooters

As demand and diversity for the use of Electric scooters have grown massively in popularity in recent years which leading the electric scooter become more powerful, more stable, and the frames more robust, it means that some electric scooters can even handle off-roading.

Of course, the off-road electric scooter will not manage the challenging trails that electric mountain bikes can. But this might be an excellent choice for those who want some fun in the woods and more extreme trails.  

Fat tire Electric Scooters

Fat tire Electric Scooters
Fat tire Electric Scooters

Fat tires are part of bikes and they have now made their way to electric scooters. Simple physics tells us fat tire is just a scooter that has much wider tires. It comes with a seat and provides enormous comfort. Fat tires electric scooters have created a niche because of their durability and ease of use on uneven terrain.

The wider width of the tires allows for better ground coverage and increases the rubber-to-ground contact, it also in combination with a suspension thus providing higher traction. This means that stability is automatically improved, as the grip. They offer sufficient grip even on wet surfaces encountered soon after riding out in the rain.

Electric Kick Scooter is one of the most practical, efficient and the fastest way of commuting from point A to point B. However, it’s also much more than that. Electric kick scooter provides an enormous amount of fun and pleasure while you are riding it.

Basic knowledges of good electric scooter
Basic knowledges of good electric scooter

1. Main components of electric scooter

To purchase the right electric kick scooter for adults there are some key electric scooter components to get to know. All these factors will tell if the scooter’s performance is great or not:

Batteries

electric scooter battery
electric scooter battery

The battery is your electric scooter’s “fuel tank.”  It stores the energy that is consumed by the DC motor, lights, controller, and other electric scooter accessories.

First of all, most of the e-scooters use batteries pack which is made of many individual cells and electronics called a battery management system in order to keeps it operating safely. In this condition, you’ll need to treat your battery like the powerful and intricate piece of technology that it is.

Bigger batteries pack has more capacity, measured in watt-hours, and will let an electric scooter travel further. Indeed, it also increases the size and weight of the scooter cause less portable. Additionally, batteries are one of the most expensive components of the scooter and overall cost increases accordingly.

A typical budget scooter will have a capacity of around 250wh while a monster scooter can have up to capacities of almost 3000wh.

Tires

Electric Scooter Tire
Electric Scooter Tire

Tires support you traction to accelerate or brake in emergency satiation. Tires come in basically two types: pneumatic (air-filled) and airless. Airless tires do not perform as well as pneumatic tires. There are a few varieties of airless tires and these include: honeycomb, polymer-filled, and solid.

Tires can directly influence ride quality, traction, range, and braking performance of electric kick scooter. For off-road travelers, wider tires are excellent. There are also standard tires with flat or rounded edges; any of these will do for less bumpy roads. In general, tires with stronger material will last long, so you might want to invest in more expensive yet more durable tires to save on maintenance fees. 

Pneumatic tires give better ride quality even without suspension. Also, their supple rubber performs much better in adverse road conditions. If you are looking for an electric scooter that will go the distance in both the figurative & literal sense, then you should choose a model with large 8” tires (preferably inflatable), suspension.

Controller

Electric Scooter Control System
Electric Scooter Controller

The speed controller sends capacity to the engine dependent on quickening agent input. They typically look like rectangular metal cans with many wires coming out of them. The metal enclosure serves as a heat sync. The controller receives inputs from the accelerator and (electronic) brake controls and translates that into a current that is sent to the motor.

Brakes

Electric Scooter Brake System
Electric Scooter Brake System

A quality braking system, such as the disc brake is essential for staying safe and in control while riding an electric scooter. That’s why you need to get the highest quality of brakes as much as possible. You can either opt for hydraulic disc brakes or mechanic disc brakes.

Mechanical brake systems are those that rely on a physical mechanism to slow the scooter down and are: disc, drum, and foot brakes.

Electronic braking systems rely on using the motor itself for braking and include strictly electronic and regenerative braking systems.

Typically mechanical braking systems will offer much stronger braking than electronic systems.  However, electronic systems benefit from not requiring any periodic adjustments or maintenance.

Many scooters will have a combination of both electronic and mechanical braking systems. For safety reasons, we recommend scooters that have at least two braking systems in case one fails.

Motor

Electric Scooter Blushless Motor
Electric Scooter Blushless Motor

There are two types of motors used in electric scooters: brushless direct current motors (BLDC) and brushed DC motors.  BLDC is based on newer technology that performs better than brushed DC motors. They tend to run quieter and are less prone to overheating. Most quality electric scooters for adults will have a BLDC motor.

Nearly all electric scooters have a motor power rating that is given in units of watts. A motor with high wattage will be able to consume a lot of energy in a short amount of time. The more energy a motor consumes the more mechanical power it will produce. A higher motor watt rating, in general, means the motor will accelerate more quickly, carry more rider weight, and climb steep hills. 

Adult electric scooters have hub motors built into one while more powerful ones will have two. The powerhouse Wide Wheel pictured above has dual 500-watt motors. But, you don’t have to buy one with the greatest engine power.

Of course, most electric scooters come with BLDC motors. If you are considering what kind of driving you’re going to do. Are you commuting on a busy street? Or are you into off-road driving? It is useful to use motor power (or motor wattage) to approximately compare the performance of different scooters. More power should give you better acceleration, faster top speed, and better hill climbing ability. 

Suspension

The suspension of the electric scooter, like that on motor vehicle or bicycle, helps to improve the ride quality and damping bumps in the road.

There are three main types of suspension systems that are typically found on electric scooters: spring, hydraulic or air piston, and rubber suspension.  Scooters with the best suspension will have some combination of spring and piston — a combination called coil-over-hydraulic or coil-over-air.

Many scooters forgo suspension in favor of large pneumatic tires that provide damping effects.  Large pneumatic tires can offer a better form of suspension that cheap spring suspensions.

2. Safety

Ride safety of electric scooter
Ride safety of electric scooter

An influential safety organization has raised serious doubts about the safety of electric scooters on public roads and pavements. To wear safety equipment can prevent accidents and mitigate injuries.

Safety equipment including a helmet is an absolute necessity when riding the electric scooter at any speed.  Depending on the speed and type of riding conditions that you experience, you may need more or less equipment.

Here are some key accessories we recommend

  • Helmet: your electric scooter will be going as fast as a bicycle, so we strongly recommend wearing a helmet at all times.
  • Lock: your electric scooter is a valuable item and having a small portable lock will ensure its safety.
  • Phone holder: allows you to concentrate on riding and the roads – so you’re not holding your phone. Also, very useful tool if you need to use maps!
  • Puncture protection fluid: if you have air-filled tires it is worth using puncture protection fluid to reduce risk of punctures.
  • Lights: extra lights can be attached to your e-scooter for safer night riding and visibility.

Here also provide you with few pieces of advices on how to use e-scooters safely:

  • Once you start your trip, give the brake a tight squeeze to ensure it’s working properly.
  • Comply with any scooter audible or visual warnings to slow or adjust your speed.
  • Ride defensively: wear a helmet and reflective or bright clothing, respect the right of way, and don’t ever ride under the influence of alcohol or drugs, and always ride in bike lanes when available.
  • Ride smart: follow the rules of the road, keep both hands on the handlebars, don’t use your mobile device while riding and avoid wearing headphones.

3. Dimensions

As mentioned above, there are a lot of models in the market today. So, expect to see scooters with different shapes and sizes. When buying a scooter, picking the right dimensions for your body type is crucial when you want overall comfort. There are three considerations that you should include; these are height, standing deck area, and portability.

  • Height

First, check if its height is right for you. This means that you should see if the handlebars are perfect for your height and arms – not too high or not too low for you. In this way, you can comfortably navigate on your scooter when driving.

  • Standing Deck Area

Next, see if the standing area is just right for you. Some scooters have slender bases while others have wider ones. Pick a scooter that’s right for your feet size or one that you personally prefer. But, the general rule is that the more room, the better it is.

  • Portability

Also, consider its portability. Do prefer light ones or bulkier scooters? This depends on your preference and situation. If you want to carry around your scooter, then a lighter one is ideal. When you want a portable scooter, you should pick the ones with smaller dimensions. The general rule is – the more powerful scooter is, the more weight it has. So simple � For instance scooters for performing tricks, trick scooters (aka stunt scooters) are very small and light, unlike fast electric scooters which have much powerful motor.

4. Performance

Performance of Electric Scooter
Performance of Electric Scooter

Performance is a paramount aspect when deciding to splash the cash for a new electric scooter. However, before deciding which level of performance is the right choice for you, a few concepts must be discussed, such as Range and hill tests. Let’s take them one at a time.

Range

The main concern that people have when deciding if they will or won’t get an electric scooter is the range or, simply put: how far can they travel on an electric scooter?

While the answer depends on the model, battery, speed, weather, rider’s weight, and type of terrain you are riding on, you can travel between 6 and 25 miles on an average electric scooter.

Here are someKey Reasons for Electric Scooter Range Change:
  • Weight / Load – if you weigh more, have a passenger, have heavy baggage
  • Terrain – if your trip is predominantly grass or sand
  • Gradient – if your trip has a lot of uphill especially long steep ones
  • Stop / Start – If you stop and start frequently – big drain
  • Heavy Throttle – If you are heavy on the throttle especially when accelerating from stationary

Hill Climb

Road grade allowed by electric scooter
Road grade allowed by electric scooter

After range, the ability to climb hills is one of the most important and sought-after features in an electric scooter. Owners that heavily rely on their scooters for transport and commute often need to go uphill, and the scooter’s climbing powers are essential for them.

A common number of electric scooter’s hill climb thrown around is 23.4 degrees as the average of the climbing angle of electric scooters. Most of them performed an average climb angle of electric scooters is between 20 and 25 degrees.

Meaning, if your scooter has a climb angle of 35 degrees, it can already handle almost every slope out there.

By this definition, any scooter that has a climb angle higher than 35 degrees is a great climbing scooter. With the handful of models that claim to have climb angles of 40 degrees or above, you will likely have absolutely no issue going uphill 99% of the time.

It’s also safe to say that any scooter that has a climb angle below 15 degrees will likely cause you trouble on many hills.

5. Comfort

When it’s all set and done, what really matters? You want to be comfortable while riding your scooter. It’s got to feel right. That’s why at Fluid Free Ride, we look for the best designs available depending on your usage occasion like Wide Wheel, Mosquito and more.

One thing to consider is the type of tires and the suspension. Some are airless and others are more traditional. For the last few years, there has been crazy progress on the types of tires in the market. Michelin created an airless tire that has been all over the news. What are the advantages? You don’t have to worry about flats and it has a better stability. Airless might be a great option for you.

Make sure to check for the tire sizes and front/rear suspension. You will want suspension if you use solid airless tires since all these things will affect your ride. But we both know the best way to really get the feel for it… test drive. Try to go out and ride a friend’s scooter or even watch YouTube video reviews. The best part about buying online is the reviews and experiences you get from real drivers (more on that later).

6. Cost

Purchasing an electric scooter can be a formidable challenge — there is an overwhelming number of choices, a quality electric scooter is from $500 and can cost upwards of $2,000. Throwing a wrench into the matters are numerous dubious “review” sites and reviewers that have never touched a scooter in their life.

Cost: In addition to the advertised retail price of your chosen e-scooter, there are a number of cost factors to consider:  

  • Finance available: finance options may make your e-scooter of choice more affordable by spreading the payments across a period of time.
  • Import duty: a few companies are currently quoting very low prices for electric scooters, but they are not being transparent with the total costs. There have been cases where the seemingly cheap e-scooter has gotten stuck in UK customs and the customer has had to pay around 30% of the purchase cost (in VAT and import Tax) before receiving their product.
  • Postage: some reputable retailers offer free delivery, but this is not always the case and postage can be very expensive. Postage is not always listed on product pages, be sure to check carefully!

We have numerous scooters for you to select so that you can find the one that best fits your needs. To buy a scooter without research, you can start with our article of 5 Best Electric Scooter for Adults 2020

7. Riding conditions

Road condition for electric scooter
Road condition for electric scooter

A scooter is a great way for commuters to bridge the gap where public transit ends and the last-mile begin.

However, Weather, though, can cause an issue, and many scooter riders wonder if riding in the rain or the snow is even possible. We’re here to tell you that, yes, you can absolutely ride your scooter, even if weather conditions aren’t perfect, but there are some considerations you’ll want to make to stay safe.

Here are some tips:
  • When it’s raining or snowing, the visibility of those you share the pavement with is reduced, which could be hazardous. You’ll want to take every measure to protect yourself, which means making sure your scooter is equipped with proper safety gear that promotes visibility. Make sure to use an LED headlight and reflectors when available. You might also consider wearing bright or reflective gear so that other vehicles and riders might be able to see you better.
  • Brakes are of utmost importance in perfect riding conditions, which means they’re indispensable when riding in the rain or the snow. You want the breaks on your foldable scooter to be in good working condition and able to stop quickly. Again though, Rain and snow create slick streets, which mean traction could be compromised. So you’ll want to make sure you adapt your riding speed to the weather conditions at hand.

8. Commuting

Commuting by electric scooter
Commuting by electric scooter

Commuting by electric scooter is all part of the new trend in micromobility that solves the so-called last mile problem. The last mile problem refers to the last leg of a trip — whether it is walking from the bus station to your office or exiting a freeway in a car to go to a specific destination.

Paradoxically, the leg of a trip tends to be the slowest and most difficult despite being the shortest. This is because public transit systems and roadways are all optimized for connecting big population centers separated by larger distances.  Think about it — multilane highways connect major cities separate by tens or hundreds of miles.  At average freeway speeds, you can go 60 miles in an hour or about a mile a minute.

However, once you’ve exited the freeway, your last mile or so could take 15 minutes or more! This is where electric scooters of micro-mobility come into play. They make travelling the last mile of your trip faster, easier, and more environmentally friendly.

If you have to commute just a few miles to work or have to walk from a bus stop or transit center, then an electric scooter is the perfect option for you.

9. Laws

The law on using kick scooters on the pavement is currently unclear. Swiftly Scooters have looked at some of the issues in-depth and have concluded that it is legal to use them on the pavement. Metro.co.uk contacted the Department for Transport about this issue and clarity. A representative said: ‘There is no legal precedence. This is a matter for the courts. We are not aware of any case law on unamortized scooters.’ This effectively means that until a case is brought before the courts, the law doesn’t currently say whether it’s legal or illegal.

10. Repair and Maintenance

Like a car or a boat or a jet ski you need to look after your Electric Scooter and the best way to do this is to keep up with regular services. More importantly, do checking the tires regularly if the scooter has pneumatic (air-filled) tires. If you are looking for repair, maintenance or upgrade information, check out our detailed guides for different electric scooters (more are being added all the time).

Lastly, see if the scooter brand or store offers a warranty. In most cases, there are warranties offered, but there are certain warranties with amazing coverage. So, pick the ones that have a reasonable rate and an amazing warranty inclusion.

Summary

Hopefully, you made up your mind and have a clearer picture of what types of electric scooters you like.

We expect that this list of types covers all needs and demands that most people may have. Electric kick scooter group is huge, and it was a pleasure to introduce you to the basics.

Choosing the right electric scooter would still depend on your preferences. Therefore, brace yourself and concentrate on this journey before your adventure on an electric scooter.